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The research program ZORRO (Zostera restoration)

Interdisciplinary research about management and restoration of eelgrass in Sweden

Program coordinators: Per Moksnes1 and Lena Gipperth2
Researchers: Eduardo Infantes1, Louise Eriander1, Per Jonsson1, Scott Cole3
Postdoc: Marlene Jahnke1
PhD student: Kristjan Laas2

Zorro is an interdisciplinary research program started in 2011 at the University of Gothenburg. It has the goal to improve the management of coastal ecosystems with focus on eelgrass meadows along the Swedish west coast. The program constitutes the base for research collaboration between marine ecologist, environmental legal scholars, and environmental economists about management and restoration of eelgrass ecosystems, and is carried out in close collaboration with the Country Administrative Board of Västra Götaland, and the Swedish Agency for Marine and Water management. Today, more than 20 Swedish and international researchers and national and regional managers are collaborating in several different research projects.

The research within Zorro has focused on:

  • Ecological causes of eelgrass loss and lack of recovery in NW Sweden
  • Legal causes and ecological consequences for eelgrass of small-scale coastal exploitation in NW Sweden.
  • Economic valuation of eelgrass ecosystem services in NW Sweden.
  • Deficiencies in the Swedish legal management system of eelgrass and other coastal ecosystems and how it could be improved.
  • Developing methods and policies for compensatory mitigation to avoid net-losses of eelgrass affected by exploitation
  • Developing cost-effective methods and guidelines for large-scale restoration of eelgrass in Sweden

The research has resulted in both scientific publications as well as reports, guidelines and suggestion of policies for management and restoration of eelgrass in Sweden (read more).

The research within the program is financed with funds from the interdisciplinary Graduate school in marine environmental research at the University of Gothenburg, from the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management, Country Administrative Board of Västra Götaland and several research grants from the Swedish Research Council FORMAS. Today Zorro is part of the new Center for Sea and Society at the University of Gothenburg.

1 Department of Marine Sciences, University of Gothenburg
2 Department of Law, University of Gothenburg
3 EnviroEconomics Sweden Consultancy, Östersund

National and international partners

  • Ingemar Andersson, Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management
  • Dr. Ingela Isaksson and Dr. Fredrik Larson, Country Administrative Board of Västra Götaland
  • Dr. Johan Eklöf, Stockholms University
  • Prof. Marianne Holmer, University of Southern Denmark
  • Prof. Erik Kristensen, NOVAGRASS, University of Southern Denmark
  • Dr. Berit Hasler och Dr. Janne Helin, Aarhus University, Denmark
  • Prof. Jeanine Olsen, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
  • Dr. Marieke van Katwijk and Dr. Tjisse van der Heide, Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands
  • Prof. Tjeerd Bouma, NIOZ Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), The Netherlands
  • Dr. Christoffer Boström and Emilia Röhr, Åbo Akademi University, Finland


Page Manager: Albin Dahlin|Last update: 5/12/2017

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